Tuesday, September 25, 2012

Accident/Indecent Prevention Program

  Salient feature of  program : Flight Safety - Accident/Indecent Prevention Program 
 1. steps for building safety culture in the organisation and declare firm commitment to safety.
2.To carry out periodically  internal safety audit of different divisions like operations, maintenance, commercial, security, ground support, etc. and carried out by a dedicated group comprising of at least a senior pilot and an engineer.
3. The value of data retrieved from the Cockpit Voice Recorders (CVR) and Digital Flight Data Recorders (DFDR) has been proven. Periodic monitoring of CVR and DFDR must be carried out by all operators. 
4. develop suitable computer software to determine the deviations of different flight parameters beyond acceptable limits.
5.The cockpit procedures must be standardised and the Examiners/ Instructors / Check Pilots of the airlines, while flying with other pilots, should ensure strict adherence to the laid down procedures and cockpit discipline. 
6.Frequency of flight checks shall be increased during bad weather conditions like monsoon, fog, etc. Under such conditions crew should not hesitate to initiate a missed approach whenever the visual reference to the runway is lost. 
7.The crew shall be given assurance that their safety related decisions (e.g. go around, diversion, etc.) shall be supported by the management. If the crew fears action against him for diversion, then the operator is inviting a big safety problem.
8. Pilot recruitment is an important aspect from safety point of view. Operators should assess pilots not only for their flying skills but also for their attitude and compatibility. Careful recruitment is the best investment of an airline for safety.
9.The critical operational areas shall be monitored closely so that these do not result in any serious safety hazard. Such areas are initial induction of new airline pilots, transition to a totally new type of aircraft like glass cockpit aircraft, operations to and from marginal runways, operations during monsoon, loading of aircraft under high ambient temperature and elevation conditions, operations to airfields located in mountainous terrain, airworthiness and operational control of leased aircraft, etc.
10. Flight and Duty Time Limitations shall be laid down for the operating crew to ensure that the crew are not fatigued which may affect safety of operations. Rostering of the crew should be done keeping in view the flight and duty time limitation requirements. All scheduled airlines shall establish electronic/computer based system for monitoring Flight and Duty Time Limitations. Also crew pairing should be done carefully for better crew coordination.
11.In order to ensure that maintenance of aircraft is up to the mark, only the firms approved by DGCA as per CAR 145/CAR M.
12. The organization shall have adequate number of quality assurance staff which are able to monitor compliance with CAR 145/ CAR M
13. Compliance with MEL requirements shall be ensured and proper documentation shall be maintained.
14. Regular checks shall be carried out by the operator to ensure that standard weights of crew and passengers are being used and loading of aircraft is within the limits as per RTOLW charts with proper centre of gravity. Load and trim sheets shall also be checked periodically to ensure their accuracy and their proper filling up for any irregularity. Check whether loading of the aircraft is being supervised.
15. Periodic inspection shall be carried out to ensure adherence to apron discipline and procedures by ground support personnel, serviceability of ground support equipments and other facilities 
16. Periodic review of emergency response procedure shall be carried out to ensure the preparedness .
17. Regular statistical analysis of the accident and incident data shall be carried out to determine whether there has been an improvement or decline in level of safety. This analysis shall provide a useful hazard alerting technique.

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